Mitigating climate change and transforming lives in forest margins: Lessons from swiddens in Indonesia
June, 2009. Meine van Noordwijk, Elok Mulyoutami, Niken Sakuntaladewi and Fahmuddin Agus. Policy Brief No 1. World Agroforestry Centre - ICRAF, SEA Regional Office. 6 pages*
Slash-and-burn clearance of forests leads to large emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gasses. Often the blame is on ‘shifting cultivators’, although migrants to the forest margin and companies clearing land for plantations have used the same method for ‘land clearing’. In promoting livelihoods that help maintain high carbon stocks in the landscape, many lessons can be learned from the way ‘shifting cultivation’ or ‘swidden’ systems evolved in Southeast Asia.
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Keywords: n. Social Aspects, o. Environmental Aspects, Other Publications, t. Lessons from Other Initiatives, Asia, deforestation, forest margin, Indonesia, shifting cultivation, swidden