In the Media

Why isolated attempts at tenure securitization through REDD+ are insufficient

October 03, 2013

CIFOR Forests Blog


Security of land tenure is at the heart of REDD+, and tenure security is a prerequisite for sustainable use and management of forests and trees. In its global comparative study on REDD+, the CIFOR is trying to answer questions related to tenure conditions in REDD+ projects, with examples of projects in five selected countries: Brazil, Cameroon, Indonesia, Tanzania and Vietnam. The study found that although proponents appreciate the importance of securing local tenures, they are confronted with longstanding legacies of weak local tenure, and options for advancing tenure security are few and untested. Therefore, tenure security issues must be addressed before REDD+ begins, by identifying legitimate rights holders; mapping out responsibilities, increasing awareness and participation, and conduct cross-level governance.


It is also important to identify the drivers of tenure insecurity, the main ones being conflicts, lack to legal clarity, and restrictions by government and private enterprises. National factors can also undermine the effectiveness of land security in REDD+ projects, because of the lack of coordination between different bodies.


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Keywords: Asia, governance, indigenous rights, Indonesia, land security, land tenure, REDD, Vietnam